Teleological ethics and deontological ethics are two philosophical approaches to determining the morality of an action. While both views offer insight into the moral implications of an action, there are distinct differences between the two. In this article, we will explore the basics of teleological and deontological ethics, their similarities, differences, and examples of each.
What is Teleological Ethics?
Teleological ethics, also known as consequentialist ethics, is based on the idea that the morality of an action should be judged by its consequences. This means that an action is considered right or wrong based on how it affects the outcome. In other words, if the outcome of an action is positive, then it is considered moral; if it is negative, then it is considered immoral.
What is Deontological Ethics?
Deontological ethics, also known as duty-based ethics, is based on the idea that an action is judged on its intrinsic rightness or wrongness, rather than its consequences. This means that an action is considered moral or immoral based on its inherent qualities, rather than its effects. In other words, an action may be considered moral or immoral regardless of its outcome.
Similarities between Teleological and Deontological Ethics
Both teleological and deontological ethics are based on the idea of morality, and both offer an insight into the moral implications of an action. They both seek to determine the morality of an action, and both consider the outcome of an action in their judgement.
Differences between Teleological and Deontological Ethics
The main difference between teleological and deontological ethics is that teleological ethics considers the consequences of an action, while deontological ethics considers the intrinsic qualities of the action. Teleological ethics is concerned with the outcome of an action, while deontological ethics is concerned with the action itself.
Examples of Teleological Ethics
- A doctor who chooses to perform a risky surgery in order to save a patient’s life.
- A company that decides to invest in a new technology in order to increase profits.
- A politician who decides to pass a law in order to reduce crime.
- A scientist who chooses to conduct an experiment in order to find a cure for a disease.
- A business that decides to cut costs in order to remain competitive.
- An individual who chooses to donate money to charity in order to help those in need.